On 4 March 2020, the European Commission proposed a new climate law to enshrine in legislation the EU's political commitment to be climate-neutral by 2050. The European climate law sets the 2050 target and the direction for all EU policies, making them predictable for public authorities, businesses and citizens. At the same time, the Commission is launching a public consultation on the future European Climate Pact. This consultation will involve the public in shaping this instrument.
Based on a comprehensive impact assessment, the Commission will propose a new EU target for reducing greenhouse gas emissions by 2030. This part of the legislation will be amended once the impact assessment is completed.
By June 2021, the Commission will review all relevant policy instruments and, if appropriate, propose a revision to achieve the additional emission reductions for 2030.
The Commission proposes the adoption of an EU-wide trajectory for reducing greenhouse gas emissions over the period 2030-2050 to measure progress and provide predictability for public authorities, businesses and citizens.
By September 2023, and every five years thereafter, the Commission will assess the compatibility of EU and national measures with the objective of climate neutrality and the 2030- 2050 trajectory.
The Commission will have the power to make recommendations to Member States whose measures are not compatible with the objective of climate neutrality, and Member States will be obliged to take due account of these recommendations or explain their reasons if they do not do so. Member States will also be required to develop and implement adaptation strategies to strengthen resilience and reduce vulnerability to the impacts of climate change.
In accordance with the ordinary legislative procedure, the proposal will now be transmitted to the European Parliament, the Council, the Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions for further consideration. At the same time, all European citizens and organisations can provide feedback on the proposal. A consultation is open from 4 March to 27 May.